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    Arrest and incrimination of Aleksey Pichugin | 19 Jun 2003

    Alexey Pichugin

    On July, 19, 2003 chief of the Inner Economic Security department of Oil Company UKOS Aleksey Pichugin was detained. His arrest was implemented on the bases of report of operating personnel of Federal Security Service of Russia, where commission of the crime he is suspected was not even mentioned. Only one week after detaining, Aleksey Pichugin was brought a charge against the murdering of Gorin conjoint. Thereby, Pichugin was arrested and placed into Remand prison factually on the bases on amotivational accusation from the side of Federal Security Service of Russia in certain abstract crimes. But, indeed, report of Federal Security Service of Russia employee was only cause for the arrest of Pichugin.

    The chronology of investigative actions on the first criminal case of Aleksey Pichugin

    19.06.2003

    Mr. Aleksey Pichugin is detained and put into „Lefortovo“ investigatory isolation ward under the jurisdiction of Federal Security Service. Prior to this the apartment and workplace of Aleksey Pichugin were searched. Mr. Pichugin was refused of the presence of his advocate during the search. The safe was seized, which was later opened in the building of General Prosecutorís Office.

    As the advocates of Aleksey Pichugin later discovered, the detention of was turned to „force sabbath“. 27 persons participated in detention, 21 of them are Federal Security Service officers, and coercive support was performed by special assault detachment „Alfa“.

    21.06.2003


    Basman court sanctions the arrest of Aleksey Pichugin.


    26.06.2003
     
    Aleksey Pichugin was accused of the murder of the Goryns husband and wife.
     
    14.07.2003


    Aleksey Pichugin was summoned for interrogation. His advocates, in violation of the provisions of Criminal Procedural Code, were not admitted to this investigation activity. After half an our of conversation Mr. Pichugin made a couple of sips of coffee and after several minutes felt his legs grow numb and a noise in his head, he became unconscious and came to consciousness only in several hours. No medical assistance was given to Mr. Pichugin, and the whole next day Aleksey felt weakness in his body, his head and stomach ached strongly, there were two marks of injections Ė on the inner side of the bend of elbow of left hand and in the area of right wrist. The General Prosecutorís Office refused the medical certification of these facts.
     
    15.07.2003
     
    Meeting her husband, Tatiana Pichugina was startled with his appearance, inhibition of speech. She was sure that the investigators use psychotropic substances to incline Aleksey Pichugin to self-slander.


    Moscow city court has examined the advocatesí complaint for the legal resolution of Basman court for arrest of Aleksey Pichugin. The legal resolution of Basman court for arrest of Mr. Pichugin was left in force.
     
    17.07.2003


    The wife of Aleksey Pichugin Ė Tatiana Ė turned to „Russian and international community“ with an open letter. In this letter she indicated that at the meeting on July 15 her husband Aleksey Pichugin „had clearly sick appearance, was very pale and sluggish, his speech was embarrassed. ÖAs I understood from his gestures, he was coercively injected intravenously. I understood that on Monday he underwent long-time interrogation in the process of which he fainted after the injection“.
     
    18.07.2003


    State Duma deputies sent the request to check the statement about application of psychotropic substances to Aleksey Pichugin to the General Prosecutorís Office, Federal Security Service and ombudsman of Russian Federation Oleg Mironov.
     
    Moscow Basman court found the searches made by General Prosecutorís Office officers at Aleksey Pichugin apartment and workplace. Thus, the court has declined the appeal of Mr. Pichuginís advocates. In the opinion of defence, the search was made with violation of established procedures.
     
    24.07.2003
     
    At the press conference in the central office of Interfax the advocates of Aleksey Pichugin stated that their client had suffered physical and psychological pressure from the side of Federal Security Service bodies for the purpose of acquisition of necessary statements. The General Prosecutorís Office refused the medical certification of these facts.
     
    25.07.2003


    The member of investigation group Dmitriy Demidov has presented the advocates of Aleksey Pichugin the resolution on prescription of medical examination dated July 23, that is, „post factum“.
     
    31.07.2003


    Aleksey Pichugin sent the official application to the General Prosecutorís Office, where he informs that „in case of acquisition by the investigators of any of his confessing testimony given in the absence of defence representatives, all these statements are false confession“. Aleksey Pichugin had to make such a statement after the General Prosecutorís Office declared that the facts of application to him on July 14 of psychotropic substances were not confirmed.
     
    31.07.2003


    The advocates of Aleksey Pichugin appealed to the Moscow Basman court with request to acknowledge the refusal of the head of investigation group for Mr. Pichuginís case to conduct immediate medical examination on the grounds of statement of their client about application of psychotropic substances to him as unjustified.
     
    13.08.2003


    Moscow Basman court had prolonged the term of keeping Aleksey Pichugin in the custody up to November 19.


    The court had refused to set Mr. Pichugin free on a 3 million rubles bail, or bail of deputy of State Duma of „Yabloko“ fraction Aleksey Melnikov or retired general of Ministry of Internal Affairs, deputy head of association of support of former internationalist warriors Pavel Maslov.
     
    27.08.2003


    Aleksey Pichugin was escorted to the Serbskiy institute for psychiatric examination. Neither he, nor his advocates, in breach of norms Criminal Procedural Code of Russian Federation, were informed on the assignment of examination in advance, which deprived them of lawful rights to appeal (including the conduct of examination in the other medical institution) and participate in the examination.
     
    29.08.2003


    Aleksey Pichugin was accused of organization of attempt at affiliated by OIL COMPANY „YUKOS“ „Rosprom“ company Viktor Kolesov, organization of attempt at former „Menatep“ bank employee Olga Kostina and threat of murder of deputy director of „Cyber-Club, Ltd.“ Sergey Lobikov.
     
    01.09.2003


    Moscow city court declined the appeal of Aleksey Pichuginí advocates for acknowledgement of keeping him in custody as an unlawful act.
     
    04.09.2003


    Aleksey Pichugin sent the application to the General Prosecutorís Office of Russian Federation, where he refused to participate in any investigation activities and disallowed his advocates to do so. Mr. Pichuginís advocate Georgiy Kaganer explained that the application is connected „with the unprecedented amount of gross violation of law in the process of investigation as well as in the court proceedings“.
     
    18.09.2003


    The advocates of Aleksey Pichugin informed that the new testimony of Mr. Korovnikov, the resident of Tambov, appeared in the case. In 2000 Tambov regional court has life sentenced him as a head of a gang for a number of sexual assaults and over ten murders. Korovnikov was confronted with Aleksey Pichugin and stated that Aleksey Pichugin asked him to kill the Goryns husband and wife. The advocates were revolted: „when we started to determine how could be such „order“ made, when the Goryns were murdered in 2002 and Korovnikov was put into jail for life in 2000, Korovnikov became confused in his statements and evaded a question“.
     
    09.10.2003


    The officers of General Prosecutorís Office had searched the office of Aleksey Pichugin in the central office of the company on Dubininskaya street.
     
    15.10.2003


    Over hundred of deputies of State Duma of Russian Federation sent a letter to the Olga Solopova acting as chairman of the Basman regional court of central administrative district of Moscow city with a request to assign the open court proceedings for the appeal of Aleksey Pichuginís advocates concerning the narcotic and psychotropic substances during the interrogation of their client.
     
    16.10.2003


    Moscow Basman court postponed to 17.10.2004 the consideration of appeal of Aleksey Pichuginís advocates concerning the refusal of General Prosecutorís Office of July 16, 2003 to conduct immediate medical examination of Mr. Pichugin. Upon the petition of representative of prosecutorís office in the court Valeriy Lakhtin, the hearing was conducted in private.
     
    17.10.2003


    Moscow Basman court declined the appeal of Aleksey Pichuginís advocates concerning the application of illicit interrogation methods Ė use of psychotropic substances for the purpose of getting false confession from the arrested person, make him confess in a crime he did not commit.
     
    21.10.2003


    The confessor of Aleksey Pichugin, father John, who previously attempted to gain permission to see Aleksey Pichugin, was called to the General Prosecutorís Office. The Criminal Procedural Code forbids to interrogate the clergymen, but father John decided to meet the investigator.
     
    12.11.2003


    Moscow Basman court has prolonged the term of keeping in custody of Aleksey Pichugin up to February 19, 2004. Defence had suggested the personal bail, a written undertaking not to leave and a monetary recognizance in amount of 3 million rubles that Mr. Pichuginís family was ready to bail. The court did not take into account the arguments of defence that Mr. Pichugin has 3 children depending on him and his state of health had significantly worsen during his being in investigatory isolation ward Ė the signs of diabetes had appeared.
     
    20.11.2003


    Aleksey Pichuginís advocates lodged an appeal to the European human rights court. The appeal is caused by „refusal of General Prosecutorís Office to conduct immediate medical examination“ of their client, and „non-rendering of immediate medical assistance to Mr. Pichugin“.


    The advocates insisted the conduct of immediate medical examination, stating that illicit interrogation methods were applied to their client, namely psychotropic substances. Moreover, Mr. Pichugin, having a number of serious diseases was not provided with necessary medical assistance in Lefertovo investigatory isolation ward.
     
    03.12.2003
     
    Moscow city court, having privately examined the appeal of Aleksey Pichuginís advocates, declined it. The defence has appealed against the decision of Basman court which had declined the advocatesí appeal for refusal of investigators on 17.10.2004 to conduct the immediate medical examination of Mr. Aleksey Pichugin. The advocates stated that psychotropic substances were applied to Mr. Pichugin. The medical examination had nevertheless been conducted, but only two weeks later, moreover, conducted nominally.


    Mr. Aleksey Pichugin was not present in the court, though applied for the presence at the court session Ė the investigation representatives merely explained the request of Mr. Pichugin did not reach them.


    09.12.2003


    Moscow city court had again declined the appeal of Mr. Aleksey Pichugin advocates, having left the decision of the Moscow Basman court of November 12 without any changes. That time the regional court had prolonged the terms of keeping Mr. Pichugin in custody up to February 19, 2004.


    The gravity of charges and the necessity of a large amount of investigation activities became the grounds for further keeping of Mr. Pichugin in investigatory isolation ward.


    However, as the advocates noticed, keeping the person in the custody only on the grounds of gravity of his charges contradicts the resolution of Constitutional Court. Moreover, in five months of investigation, only three identifications and two confrontations were conducted, and defence was refused the familiarization of the examination results.


    26.01.2004


    Prosecutorís office representatives stated that preliminary investigation of Aleksey Pichuginís case is over. In the announcement of Information and Public relations Department of General Prosecutorís Office it is stated that Mr. Aleksey Pichugin in the presence of advocates was informed of the end of preliminary investigation.


    11.02.2004


    Moscow Basmen court had prolonged the term of keeping Mr. Aleksey Pichugin in custody for two months Ė to April 19, 2004.


    The advocates requested to alter the measure of restraint to any other one: house arrest, bail, recognizance. Moreover, defence asked the court to adduce the medical certificate, in accordance to which Mr. Aleksey Pichugin has diabetes and, probably, tuberculosis. He had already lost 30 kg of weight in investigatory isolation ward.


    17.02.2004


    At the press conference the advocates of Mr. Aleksey Pichugin informed that their clientís  state of health is „catastrophically bad“: „He has precarious loss of weight, pains in all joints, deterioration of eyesightÖ Mr. Aleksey Pichugin lost 4 kg in a fortnight“. According to the statements of advocates, the medical assistance is not provided for Mr. Pichugin, and investigatory bodies and investigatory isolation ward administration do not admit the experts suggested by the advocates for objective conclusion concerning his state of health.


    13.04.2004


    Moscow Basman Court had again prolonged the term of keeping Mr. Aleksey Pichugin in custody Ė up to June 19, upholding the petition of General Prosecutorís Office.


    21.05.2004


    Moscow Basman Court had limited the period of examination of the case papers by Aleksey Pichugin and his advocates to June 4, 2004. This decision was made in accordance with the petition of General Prosecutorís Office. In the course of the meeting, the representative of General Prosecutorís Office Mr. Valeriy Lakhtin stated that defendant and his advocates „intentionally protract the process of case examination“. In the prosecutorís opinion the case of Mr. Aleksey Pichugin is not economic one and, therefore, is „simple for reading“. In their turn, the advocate of Mr. Pichugin rejected this reason indicating that Aleksey regularly examines the case papers reading 100 pages a day. „Moreover, the case, where a person is accused of murders, can not be considered a „simple“ one“.


    25.05.2004


    In the German embassy in Moscow the meeting of PACE representative Sabina Loithoizer-Schnarrenberger with the advocate of Aleksey Pichugin Kseniya Kostromina and his wife Tatiana took place. The matter of conversation was the violation of human rights of Aleksey Pichugin in the process of investigation of a criminal case. Tatiana Pichugina told about her impressions after the meeting with her husband a day after psychotropic substances were applied to him. „This is a well-known fact now, however, no proper investigation of these circumstances was held“, — Kseniya Kostromina told. Besides, the state of health of Mr. Pichugin  and procedural matters were discussed at the meeting.


    Moreover, the advocate told that in about a year spent by Mr. Pichugin in the custody, he was given only 5 meetings with his wife.


    PACE representative Sabina Loithoizer-Schnarrenberger had come to Moscow a day before for the purpose of preparation of report to the European Council Human Rights Committee concerning the situation around so called „YUKOS case“.


    04.06.2004


    Mr. Aleksey Pichuginís advocates informed that their client will insist on that his case to be examined by the jury trial.


    Aleksey Pichugin had finished the examination of criminal case papers. The preliminary investigation was officially accomplished by signing the protocol of familiarization with the case papers by defendant and his advocates.


    11.06.2004


    General Prosecutorís Office of Russian Federation had approved the bill of particulars of Aleksey Pichuginís criminal case of and sent it to Moscow city court.


    25.06.2004


    Mr. Aleksey Pichuginís case papers in the court upon the presentation of General Prosecutorís Office were stamped „Classified“. It was made for the purpose of hearing the case privately, without community and mass-media representatives. This, in its turn, was required to conceal the violations made by investigators and weakness of  probative base. Moreover, in this case the advocates had no rights to give comments concerning the process of investigation. The advocates involved in proceedings were asked by the judge to make a signed statement of „nondisclosure of information constituting the state secret“. However, no documents concerning the matters constituting such secret were not provided to the advocates.


    Moscow city court postponed the preliminary hering of Aleksey Pichuginís case. The shift of the terms is related to the fact that new advocates were involved in the case and they needed time for examination of case papers.  The advocates petitioned to give them 30 working days for examination, as it is impossible to examine over 7000 pages of criminal case in 7 days. The court rejected the request of defence.


    27.07.2004


    Mr. Aleksey Pichuginís advocates requested the recusation of the Moscow city court judge. The request of recusation was made on the grounds that defence doubts her impartiality.


    In the course of preliminary trial the judge Nataliya Olikhver unreasonably constrained the advocates to make a signed statement of nondisclosure of state secret, following the prescriptions of General Prosecutorís Office, which states that the case papers contain the secret information. In accordance with law, the General Prosecutorís Office was to issue a corresponding resolution on content of secret information in the case before the case was passed to the court before the advocates start the examination of the case, thus notifying them of nondisclosure. No such resolution was issued.


    28.07.2004


    In the process of preliminary trial, Mr. Aleksey Pichuginís advocates petitioned the return of the case of their client to the General Prosecutorís Office for the purpose of elimination of faults.


    Moscow city court had again declined the petitions of Mr. Aleksey Pichuginís advocates concerning the recusation of the judge trying his case. Judge Nataliya Olikhver found no grounds for her recusation. Moreover, the judge rejected the request of advocates for recusation of public prosecutor Svetlana Artemyeva. The defence motivated their actions by the fact that „actions of judge and public prosecutor are agreed“.


    29.07.2004


    Moscow city court declined the petition of Mr. Aleksey Pichuginís advocates concerning the withdrawal from the case materials of „Classified“ file. Advocates asked to withdraw the „secret“ file as they had not examined its contents, since it appeared in the case after passing it to the court. Moreover, Moscow city court refused to comply with another request of the advocates Ė the one concerning the opportunity to make a copy of video record of interrogation of two persons (one of the defendants and a witness) participating in the case. A day before, the advocates noted that defence had found out the unconformity of video record data and interrogation protocol. The court motivated its decision by the fact that it has no technical opportunity of making a copy, and the handing the original video record over to the advocates is not provided by law.


    Moscow city court refused to release Mr. Aleksey Pichugin from custody. Thus, the petition of his advocates concerning the alteration of measure of restraint to any other that is not connected with the custodial coercion was declined.


    Mr. Aleksey Pichuginís advocates in the course of private preliminary trial in Moscow city court petitioned the conduct of proceedings openly. Furthermore, they confirmed the previous petition concerning the examination of Mr. Pichuginís case by the jury trial. Aleksey Pichugin himself requested the court to provide him with the secret documents that appeared after passing of the case to the court.


    30.07.2004


    Moscow city court declined the petition of  defence concerning the conduct of Mr. Aleksey Pichuginís case proceedings openly because of some secret documents present in the case. Public prosecutor and Ekaterina Kuvyatkina, advocate of Olga Kostina Ė the complainant in one of episodes incriminated to Mr. Pichugin, made objections against open judicial proceedings.


    Moscow city court met the request of Mr. Aleksey Pichugin concerning the examination of his case by the jury trial.


    10.08.2004


    Moscow city court postponed sine die the selection of jurors for examination of criminal case of Aleksey Pichugin. The court session was postponed on the grounds of illness of Aleksey Peshkun Ė the second defendant in this case.


    22.09.2004


    Moscow city court again had postponed to September 24 the selection of jurors for the case of Mr. Aleksey Pichugin. The session was not held because of absence of complainants who should compulsory participate in selection of jurors.


    Moscow city court again had postponed the selection of jurors for the criminal case of Mr. Aleksey Pichugin. The selection of jurors was not held on the grounds that a number of jurors insufficient for formation of jury board of 12 persons attended the court.


    24.09.2004


    Moscow city court again had postponed the selection of jurors for the criminal case of Mr. Aleksey Pichugin. The selection of jurors was not held on the grounds that a number of jurors insufficient for formation of jury board of 12 persons attended the court.


    01.10.2004


    The selection of jurors for the case of Aleksey Pichugin is completed in the Moscow city court. The board of 12 prime and 4 reserve jurors was formed.


    04.10.2004


    Moscow city court started the consideration of the case ad rem.


    Chronology of the first judicial process


  • Zoya Svetova: Who is it, Mikhail Savitsky, conducting an interrogation of Aleksey Pichugin
  • Alexey Pichugin: «I wrote a motion to have a visit from my mother»
  • Statement of Igor Viacheslavovuch Sutyagin
  • The 13th anniversary of Alexei Pichuginís arrest
  • Mikhail Khodorkovsky: «An innnocent man, Alexey Pichugin, is still behind bars»
  • The European Court of Human Rights. CASE OF PICHUGIN v. RUSSIA. Judgment
  • Sabine Leutheusser-Schnarrenberger about Alexey Pichugin case
  • Leonid Nevzlinís interview about the «case»
  • The «Amnesty International» is anxious about Alexey Pichuginís condition

  • Trial of vengeance

  • Journalist Valeriy Shiryaev on the first case of Aleksey Pichugin in his book «Trial of vengeance. The first victim of the YUKOS case»
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